Samia details achievements of Tanzania in 60 years of union

President Samia Suluhu Hassan displays commemorative books chronicling the 60-year history of the Office of the Vice President, alongside the pictorial journey book titled '60 Years of the United Republic of Tanzania,' during a ceremony at Chamwino State House in Dodoma on April 24, 2024. PHOTO | STATE HOUSE

What you need to know:

  • The President highlights the importance of the union in fostering regional and international influence, attracting investment, and expanding market access for Tanzanian goods and services

Dar es Salaam. As Tanzania commemorates its Union Day on April 26, 2024, President Samia Suluhu Hassan says a lot has been achieved across various sectors that should give Tanzanians a reason to be proud of the unification of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

In yesterday’s national address, President Hassan detailed several achievements across social, economic, and political spheres that Tanzania has registered during the past 60 years.

It was based on the achievements built by all past and present leaders that President Hassan decided to protect and further improve the union through her 4R [Reconciliation, Resilience, Reforms and Rebuilding] philosophy.

“Through this philosophy, we have conducted a review of the criminal justice system, ensured freedom of expression, and allowed political parties to operate freely. Additionally, through dialogue and engagement, we have made changes to our electoral laws, political party laws, and the Electoral Commission Act,” President Hassan said during a live broadcast yesterday.

She said in diplomacy, the Union has enabled Tanzania to have greater regional and international influence, helping the country to benefit from and enhance diplomatic relations with others and international institutions.

“Through our current focus on economic diplomacy, we have been able to attract capital, investment, technology, and access markets for our goods and services,” she said.

In 19604, Tanganyika and Zanzibar were at a low level of development where poverty was widespread. The country was defined by low productivity in agriculture and an inadequate transportation infrastructure. Social services such as education, health care, water, and electricity were scarce and discriminatory.

“Efforts made over these 60 years have helped to grow the Gross Domestic Product to reach Sh170.3 trillion by 2022 and the per capita income to reach an average of Sh2.8 million per year by 2022,” she said, noting that Tanzania has also effectively graduated to a lower middle-income economy level.

On the education front, the President said that after independence, the only university was the University of Dar es Salaam, while Zanzibar did not have a university. It is now worth noting that there are currently a total of 49 universities in Tanzania, owned by both public and private institutions.

“Among these universities, 46 are located on the mainland and 3 in Zanzibar. These universities provide opportunities for students from all parts of the Union. For the academic year 2023–24, there were a total of 240,523 higher education students, compared to only 14 students when our countries united,” she said.

President Hassan reminded Tanzanians that Julius Nyerere and Abeid Karume, along with their aides, were guided by wisdom, prudence, and courage in bringing Tanzanians together, noting that it was on the very same note that leaders of all subsequent administrations have placed great importance on the issue of the Union.

New book

Meanwhile, as Tanzania commemorates its Union Day on April 26, 2024, a new book titled “Photographic Journey: 60 Years of the United Republic of Tanzania” offers a captivating glimpse into the nation’s rich history and enduring spirit.

Published by Print Plus Media Zanzibar and compiled by Ambassador Mahmoud Thabit Kombo Jecha, Javed Jafferji, and Kumail Jafferji, with proof editing by Hasnain Jafferji and Ali Sultan, this book is a remarkable testament to Tanzania’s resilience and progress over the past six decades.

From its elegant foreword by President Samia Suluhu Hassan to its curated collection of photographs, anecdotes, and historical narratives, “Photographic Journey” invites readers on an immersive exploration of Tanzania’s journey towards unity, progress, and prosperity.

The union between the Republic of Tanganyika and the People’s Republic of Zanzibar, forged in 1964 by Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere and Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume, stands as a testament to visionary statesmanship and sagacious foresight.

This amalgamation, a rarity in global history, birthed the United Republic of Tanzania—a beacon of unity and shared aspirations.

President Samia emphasises the enduring relevance of the union, with 68 percent of the nation born into a reality where unity has always prevailed.

The legacy of this historic decision is kept alive through diverse narratives, from oral traditions to cinematic portrayals, preserving the essence of Tanzania’s collective journey for posterity.

Amidst a continent marked by division, Tanzania’s union emerges as a shining example of resilience and unity. While the dream of a United States of Africa remains ongoing, Tanzania’s union serves as a beacon of hope and inspiration, demonstrating the boundless potential of a unified purpose.

The socioeconomic progress achieved over the past 60 years stands as a hallmark of Tanzania’s journey. From nascent stages to multifaceted advancements, Tanzania’s progress is palpable across various sectors, impacting the lives of its citizens in myriad ways.

Each chapter unfolds with clarity and insight, chronicling significant milestones in Tanzania’s history, from the struggle for independence to the achievements in nation-building.

The book beautifully captures the visionary leadership of past presidents, prime ministers, and vice presidents, as well as the unwavering spirit of the Tanzanian people.

What sets “Photographic Journey” apart is its accessibility; while it appeals to history enthusiasts and experts, its engaging narrative style makes it equally compelling for those new to Tanzanian history.

The vivid imagery and compelling storytelling bring to life the diverse tapestry of Tanzania’s past, celebrating its cultural heritage and the collective achievements of two young nations that chose a shared path towards a future.

As Tanzania marks six decades of unity, “Photographic Journey” serves as more than a commemorative publication—it is a reaffirmation of the nation’s commitment to acknowledging past sacrifices and embracing a brighter future.

Through its pages, readers are inspired to reflect on Tanzania’s journey while also looking forward with hope and optimism.

For those eager to embark on a journey of discovery through Tanzania’s rich history, “Photographic Journey: 60 Years of the United Republic of Tanzania” is a must-read.