- The ancient landslide, likely caused by a strong earthquake that could have generated a tsunami wave 27 metres high, was discovered unexpectedly by researchers conducting three-dimensional mapping of the seafloor around the world's biggest reef.
Sydney. A massive underwater landslide that could have triggered a towering tsunami some 300,000 years ago has been discovered in the depths of Australia's Great Barrier Reef, scientists said Wednesday.
The ancient landslide, likely caused by a strong earthquake that could have generated a tsunami wave 27 metres high, was discovered unexpectedly by researchers conducting three-dimensional mapping of the seafloor around the world's biggest reef.
Scientists had already located eight undersea hills "in the middle of nowhere" and found the crater while piecing together the contours of the nearby territory, said Robin Beaman of James Cook University, one of the co-authors of a study published in the Marine Geology journal.
"There's this huge chunk taken out of the continental slope... about 20 kilometres long has collapsed and about eight kilometres deep, so an indent on that sort of scale," he told AFP.
The landslide, which was discovered some 75 kilometres off the Queensland state coast, was 32 cubic kilometres or "about 30 times the size of Uluru". Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, is a giant red monolith that rises 348 metres above the Australian desert. Scientists estimated the age of the landslide by sampling cold-water corals on one of the hills, also called knolls, at a depth of 1.17 kilometres. The oldest fossil corals were about 302,000 years. While such a large undersea landslide could have triggered a major tsunami, Beaman said the reef would have acted as a breakwater to reduce its impact. Tsunamis generated by such landslides also caused "very localised" impact, with waves dropping off quickly, he added. (AFP)